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Mar 9, 1994 (Age: 28)


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    Mar 9, 1994 (Age: 28)
    Research methods in WRC: methodology, stages, example

    A university student comes across the concept of "research methods in FQP" in the process of writing a graduation project, term paper and other scientific works. These are the research methods that were used in the creation of the SRS. In this article by write my papers service, you will learn the meaning of this concept, as well as the specifics of using each method when writing theses on different topics.

    What is the methodological basis of WRC

    The methodological basis of FQP is the use of ideological principles in relation to the processes of cognition. Simply put, this is the correlation of research data with other sciences, the main of which is philosophy.

    The choice of research methods used in the thesis depends on what tasks and goals were set in it. Based on this, the graduate of the university determines which methods of the diploma design he needs to apply.

    Each of the methods pursues a single goal - to find the correct understanding, truth and explanation of the current situation, and in rare cases, methods are needed in order to change it.


    The research technique used in writing the thesis is classified into:
    • general methods - theoretical and universal;
    • private methods - practical or empirical.

    The student should clearly understand which method to use and for what purpose recommend writers. Determination of research methods selectively is unacceptable.

    Theoretical research methods

    They are universal and are used to systematize scientific facts in thesis. When writing an FQP, the teachers of the institute recommend using the following ones.


    This is the most commonly used method. It is used to decompose the described phenomenon or object into signs and properties in order to study them more specifically. Examples include comparisons of vehicle performance across brands, artistic styles, and writing styles.


    This method involves dividing a phenomenon or object into groups according to certain criteria. The main task of this method is to structure information and make it more understandable for assimilation.

    It can be classified according to different criteria:
    • material (wood, plastic, metal);
    • physical properties (volume, size, weight);
    • genres (painting, literature, sculpture);
    • architectural styles.

    The classification can be carried out according to chronological and geopolitical factors, etc.


    It is based on the concretization of a particular property or subject that needs to be studied in the process of research. The essence of abstraction is the study of a single property of the phenomenon under consideration, without taking into account its other characteristics.

    The abstraction method is one of the most important in writing the FQP of the humanitarian bias. Thanks to him, it was possible to identify the most important patterns in such sciences as psychology, pedagogy, philosophy. A good example of abstraction is the division of literature into genres and styles.


    Its essence lies in the transfer of the essence of an object or phenomenon through the use of mathematical schemes, programs, formulas, symbols.


    This is a detailed study of a phenomenon or object in real-life conditions.


    By analogy, a search for similarities of phenomena and objects is carried out according to certain criteria, knowing which one can draw a certain line to a similar one with the investigated object, object or phenomenon.

    This method does not always give reliable results says writers, but in general its effectiveness is quite high. It is most often used when certain phenomena cannot be studied directly. In different sciences, different research methods are used, but in any specialty, when writing an FQP, an analytical method and analysis will be used.


    This method is necessary to combine individual elements into a single whole for a more detailed study. It is associated with the method of analysis, since it is always present as an element that brings together individual analytical results.


    When using this method, the object of research that exists in reality is transferred to an artificially created model. This is done in order to simulate the situation more successfully, as well as to obtain results that are actually achieved with difficulty.


    This research method allows conclusions to be drawn about certain objects and phenomena, based on data on a large number of particular features.


    This is the opposite of the deductive method, since the inductive method encourages reasoning from the big picture to the particular features.


    It is similar to the deduction method, since it involves the formation of a general conclusion about objects or phenomena on the basis of many particular features.

    • empirical generalization - the transition from specific characteristics of the subject to more general ones;
    • analytical generalization - a transition in the course of the thought process from one phenomenon to another without the use of empirical reality.

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